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How to Trim an Olympic Giant Pear Tree

árboles Frutales abril 20, 2013

Olympic Pears are often called apple pears because of their crisp, juicy, applelike qualities and flavor.

The Olympic Giant Pear Tree, also known as the Korean Pear tree, grows best in Hardiness Zone 5. The tree grows to an average height of 6 feet and becomes heavy with fruit during harvest season, which is the month of October. The fruit is generally very sweet and crisp to the bite. This tree is highly tolerant to fire blight, a bacterial disease, which can be fatal to trees if left untreated. Knowing how to trim an Olympic Giant pear tree is crucial if you want to enjoy an abundance of juicy, sweet pears.

Cut the tree so that it is 18 to 24 inches in height in the winter or early spring after you have removed it from its nursery container and planted it in the ground. This will ensure that the tree grows well in its initial stages. The thicker the trunk, is the more you cut. hHowever, stay within 24 inches. This cutting is to compensate for the shock the roots underwent during transplanting.

When the newest shoots reach around a foot in length the first summer, choose a few branches on your plant as leader branches. Leaders are the branches that serve as the primary base and from which all new branches and shoots will emerge. It is best to select those that have the potential to spread wide. Therefore, look for branches that grow more horizontally rather than vertically. The first leader should be 16 inches from the ground, and after that, leaders should be about 4 inches apart and located evenly around the tree. Below the leader branches, leave aside a few leaf branches located evenly around the trunk.

Use shears to cut off any disease-ridden branches. If you find any unwanted branches growing out of the tree, trim these off. Cut the branches at an angle and make sure you leave just a little stump; don’t cut the branches off so there is no traces that they were there. This will ensure that the tree survives the pruning.

Trim the leaders down to between 18 and 24 inches the first winter. Besides this, remove any shoots, which are growing too horizontally. In addition, remove some shoots if you see branches growing too close together on any section of the tree.

Trim the leaders to 20 or 30 inches the second winter. Remove any new shoots that seem to be growing too much in an upward direction. Cut back any side shoots, which are bowing down, provided they do not have fruit on them. Repeat the same process the third year. This time, bunch up the leaders and tie them in an upward setting with twine. This will prevent them from growing too horizontally.

Trim the Olympic Giant the fourth year the same as you did the third year. Cut off side shoots just after flower buds. Continue to follow this pruning procedure each year.

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